Fort Wayne, Indiana is the county seat of Allen County. In 2010, the Census recorded the population as 253, 691 and it came in as the 2nd largest city within Indiana state, and the 74th biggest city within the nation. The city of Fort Wayne is situated in the northeastern portion of Indiana State and is around 80 km or 50 miles south of the Michigan border and 18 miles or 29 km west of the Ohio border.
Fort Wayne is the main city in the Fort Wayne Metropolitan Statistical Area. This is an area that includes Allen, Whitley and Wells counties. Their combined population is estimated at 414,315. Moreover, the Fort Wayne-Auburn-Huntington CSA is a different combined statistical area that consists of Adams, Huntington, DeKalb and Noble counties for a combined population of approximately 610,000 people.
The U.S. Army constructed Fort Wayne during the year 1794, last in a series of forts situated near the Miami Indian Village of Kekionga. It was constructed under the direction of American Revolutionary War statesman General "Mad" Anthony Wayne. The fort was named in Wayne's honor and was established at the confluence of the Maumee, St. Joseph and St. Mary's Rivers. Fort Wayne became a trading post for European settlers. In 1823, the village was platted and following the completion of the Wabash and Erie Canals, the region saw enormous growth.
The Miami first nation established a settlement at Kekionga during the middle part of the17th century. The settlement was located along the rivers St. Joseph, St. Mary's and Maumee. The village served the Miami nation and numerous other Algonquian tribes. It is projected by historians that about the year 1676, priests and missionaries from France visited the Miami people as they were going home from a mission at Lake Michigan. During 1680, a letter was sent to the Governor-General of Canada from RenÃÂ©-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, stating that he too had stopped there. The French traders established a post during the 1680s, because it was the crucial portage between the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes.
In the mid-20th century, Fort Wayne developed into a major manufacturing centre. Companies including General Electric, Magnavox, Westinghouse and International Harvest were instrumental in Fort Wayne's local economy. In addition, Phelps Dodge, Essex Wire and Rea Magnet Wire made the largest concentration of copper wire production in the globe during the Second World War. Once the century drew to a close, the decrease of manufacturing jobs all over the country, along with advancements in technology led Fort Wayne to be counted among other cities situated in the Rust Belt.
The city's economy has started to diversify over the past few decades into security and defense, insurance, education and health care. Recently, the service and hospitality sector has also grown. In the year 2006, there were 5.4 million visitors who visited and spent over $415 million in the city of Fort Wayne.
The city has become the headquarters for businesses such as: Do It Best, Steel Dynamics, North American Van Lines, Medical Protective, Vera Bradley, Genteq, Sweetwater Sound and Rea Magnet Wire. Steel Dynamics is the only Fortune 500 Company.