The city of Baton Rouge is the State Capital of Louisiana. It is the 2nd biggest city in the state and is situated in East Baton Rouge Parish. The city is known as a medical, industrial, petrochemical and research center in the American South. The Port of Baton Rouge is the farthest upstream Mississippi River port which could effectively handle Panamax ships. Also the Port of Baton Rouge is the 9th largest port within the United States in terms of tonnage shipped.
The region of Baton Rouge is called the "Capital Area." It is located in the southeast region of Louisiana along the Mississippi River. The town owes its historical importance to its site situated at Istrouma Bluff. This is the first bluff upriver from the Mississippi River Delta. It serves the community by protecting the inhabitants of the city from flooding, hurricanes and other natural emergencies from nature. The city also has built a levee system in addition to this natural barrier. This levee system protects the low-lying agricultural areas and the riverfront because it stretches southward.
Baton Rouge has a population of 229,553 as of the 2010 census. The metropolitan area, called Greater Baton Rouge, has a population of 802,484 inhabitants as of 2010.
Baton Rouge's history can be traced all the way back to the year 1699, when a French explorer, Sieur d'lberville, led an exploration party up the Mississippi River. He noticed a reddish colored cypress pole that was covered with bloody animals, serving to mark the boundary between the Houma and Bayou Goula hunting grounds. They referred to location and the pole "le bÃÂ¢ton rouge," which means "the red stick."
Initially, the local Native Americans had named the region "Istrouma." Evidence has been located in 3 Native American mounds situated in city limits and along the Mississippi, Amite and Comite Rivers. Archaeologists have been able to determine indigenous habitation of the area to 8000 BC. These mounds were constructed in the Middle Archaic period by gatherer-hunter societies perhaps as early as 4500 BC that is long before the construction of Egyptian pyramids.
The largest trade within Baton Rouge is petrochemical production and manufacturing. The Exxon Mobil facility in the city of Baton Rouge is the 2nd biggest oil refinery in the United States and is likewise amongst the world's ten biggest. There is an abundance of deep water, pipeline, and rail and highway access within the city of Baton Rouge too.
Albermarle has their head office in the city, whilst the Dow Chemical Company has a large plant near Plaquemine in Iberville Parish. NanYa Technology Corporation has a big facility making PVC and CPVC pipes within North Baton Rouge. Various companies like Harmony, Turner and Shaw Construction all started by carrying out construction work at these facilities.