There are actually 2 types of forklifts, based mostly on whether or not they run on electricity or gas:
Internal Combustion or IC Lift trucks: The Internal Combustion Lift Trucks run on gas, liquid propane, compressed natural gas or CNG or diesel. The gas powered units are made to be used outside since they release gases and pollutants which could be harmful if inhaled. Gas models are also suitable to be used in bad weather conditions and in the rain. These models could carry weights roughly 15,000 to 35,000 pounds. Due to the fuel costs and maintenance, the gas powered models are more costly to utilize than models which run on electricity, although, they cost a lot less up front compared to the electric units. The liquid propane models are the right option to be used in indoor applications.
Electric Lift Trucks: The electric lift truck models are powered by really big batteries which should be recharged. The vehicles do not create any polluting air emissions as these units do not burn any fuel. They are the right option for indoor applications and warehouses. Moreover, lift trucks which run on electricity do not need any fuel storage units and they are much quieter to run than other models. One of the disadvantages of electric powered units is that they are unable to carry cargo more than 15,000 pounds and therefore, have a slower acceleration than gasoline powered units.
Lift trucks are specifically made to easily and quickly transport heavy loads with simplicity. Like the case with nearly all types of machines, unfortunately, forklift mishaps do occur regularly. There are specific safety rules that must be followed in order to keep everybody safe. The most essential concern is recruiting a qualified operator, who can show you a valid lift truck license.
There are many different types of forklifts available on the market. Choosing which one is right for your particular needs will be based on the types of loads which you have to transport, what type of environment your machine would have to operate in, for instance, indoors or outdoors or both. When you know your specific needs, it will be easy to match up to the best type of lift truck. When you know your requirements precisely you can make a correct decision.
Another great way to get first hand experience on the various forklift models is the try leasing your lift truck. This would also allow you to see all the possible options available to you. This is a less expensive way to know if the machine you have in mind can keep up with you on the job site.